38. Cavalleria rusticana (Pietro Mascagni)

Opera lirica in 1 act

By Pietro Mascagni

Libretto: Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti & Guido Menasci, after Giovanni Verga’s play & short story

First performed: Teatro Costanzi, Rome, 17 May 1890

Dossier


Mascagni’s first opera, which catapulted him to stardom.  He entered the work in a competition sponsored by the music publisher Sonzogno, won first prize, and with it fame and renown.  These days, it’s usually performed as a double bill with Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci, as “Cav & Pag”.


CHARACTERS

  • Santuzza, young peasant woman (soprano)
  • Turiddu, young peasant (tenor)
  • Lucia, Turiddu’s mother (contralto)
  • Alfio, carter (baritone)
  • Lola, his wife (mezzo-soprano)

SETTING: Easter Day in a Sicilian village in the 19th century.

SYNOPSIS

 

The village folk are celebrating, but not everyone’s happy.   Turiddu, a young soldier, is involved with two women – one of them married.  While he was away fighting, his girlfriend Lola married the carter Alfio.  Turiddu then picked up with Santuzza, seduced her, and abandoned her.  He’s now carrying on with Lola behind her husband’s back.  The jealous Santuzza tells Alfio that Turiddu is sleeping with his wife.

Alfio challenges Turiddu to a duel; and Turiddu is killed.

Cav.jpg


COMMENTARY

4 stars

Cav is an intense drama with passions running high in a Sicilian village; with two of opera’s most famous numbers; and all in little over an hour.  It’s thought of as a verismo opera – a naturalistic (insofar as opera ever is naturalistic) story, dealing with the lives of everyday people, rather than great historical figures – but it’s also in the line of traditional opera, with peasants’ choruses, large scale religious ensembles, baritone character arias, and drinking songs.

The Easter setting provides local color, but it’s also an ironic commentary on the drama.  Turiddu, like Christ, dies at Easter, knowing that he will go to his death – but to atone for his own sins, rather than the world’s.  His mother is, like the Madonna, a type of the Mater Dolorosa (Sorrowful Mother).  Santuzza explicitly compares herself to Mary Magdalen, the repentant prostitute, but believes she is damned.


Recordings

Watch:

Fiorenza Cossotto (Santuzza) & Gianfranco Cecchele (Turiddu), with the La Scala orchestra & chorus, conducted by Herbert von Karajan, 1968

Franco Zeffirelli’s 1981 film, with Elena Obraztsova (Santuzza), Plácido Domingo (Turiddu), & Renato Bruson (Alfio), with the La Scala orchestra & chorus conducted by Georges Prêtre

2 thoughts on “38. Cavalleria rusticana (Pietro Mascagni)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s